In the Olivet Discourse, Luke alone records this paradoxical promise by Jesus to the disciples, paradoxical in light of the previous promise that some will be put to death! NLT Luke 21:19 By standing firm, you will win your souls. 12:16; 2 Sam. This would certainly be things what one could perceive and see. Repent. She believes he will meet all of her needs." 6:32; Jn. What is the sign for the Second Coming? 12:41; Mk. It might not be until heaven. 12:20; Lk. We should live each day alert and ready, dependent on Him in prayer, and obedient to His Word. 2:12; 1 Sam. Ps 125:5). "By your endurance you will gain your lives", "And this Gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world for a witness to all the nations, and then the end shall come. (I could not resist listing these as my subspecialty as a pathologist is infectious disease). — Reprinted by permission. These are a few of the questions that MacArthur's sermon on this section has raised in my mind. Comment: The word "plague" is used 71 times in the Old and New Testaments and 13 of the uses are found in the Revelation of Jesus Christ. Below are some representative comments... Kevin Zuber in the Moody Bible Commentary - The tribulation will be a time of unprecedented persecution and hardship for the Jewish people and nation of Israel (Lk 21:23b; cf. We are to keep up a constant habit of real, sincere prayer. To prove to a skeptical, doubting world that, “The Most High ruleth in the affairs of men” (Daniel 4:17). 17:13; Jos. As an aside, it is reasonable to refer to this abomination committed by Antiochus in 167 BC as an act which foreshadowed the final, yet to come abomination. However, she refused to take the money back. By your endurance - By your courageous and constant tenacity with hopeful expectancy, indicating an active endurance which opposes the evil while patiently waiting for the Lord. "[5], The same religious leaders who would reduce widows to poverty also encourage them to make pious donations beyond their means. Luke 21:17  and you will be hated by all because of My name. Gilbrant - The word lepton (neuter of leptos) is the noun form of the verb leipō which means “to strip or peel bark off a tree.” The usual result of peeling bark off trees was small, thin pieces of bark, and hence the noun form meant “thin,” “small,” and many other synonyms of the same. to the priest; in this way it was possible to know how much various people brought."). This evil practice permitted a son to be released from any obligation to care for his parents, thus breaking the fifth commandment. Have you experienced that? It was an all-out attempt to exterminate the Christian faith (Ed: See The Great Persecution). 6:25,27,40; 7:9; 9:32,34; 16:2-3,16; 19:25; 20:5; Ruth 3:2,13; 1 Sam. With all prayer and petition (deesis) pray at all times in the Spirit (THE ONLY WAY TO PRAY "IN THE SPIRIT" IS TO BE FILLED WITH THE SPIRIT! In Luke the distinction between the two seems clearer than in the others. There is thus no element of vindictiveness or sense of "taking revenge" in the judgments of God for they are are both holy and righteous (right). 19 The earth is broken asunder, The earth is split through, The earth is shaken violently. All the nations would be subdued. King Herod more than doubled the temple mount area, increasing it to about 36 acres (150,000 square meters). The argument is unanswerable: if Jesus is able and ready to grant verbal inspiration to the disciples for their proper defense at court, will he do less for the testimony of his written Word to all men and all ages? Is this spiritual dynamic mysterious? And on the earth dismay among nations, in perplexity at the roaring of the sea and the waves - The earth is personified as perplexed and bewildered which is in fact a description of all those who dwell on the earth in this divinely decreed day of destruction. Yet even to them, our Lord holds out the peril of carousing, and drunkenness, and worldliness! In the morning sun, the sun would roll up over the top of the Mount of Olives. They erroneously thought it was near now. As is also the case earlier in Luke (cf. (Reference). Literally plousios refers to having an abundance of earthly possessions that exceeds normal experience. In fact, if we look just at the facts of the text, the main facts are - she is poor, she is a widow, she gives all she has to live on. Neil D. Nelson notes that the fig tree "is not a type of Israel (Ed: Some say the budding symbolizes Israel becoming a nation in 1948 but such an interpretation is completely unfounded!). This makes sense of course, since the Kingdom is not a Kingdom without the presence of the King. Does He truly commend the woman for giving everything she had to live on? ch. Mark 13:29 “Even so, you too, when you see these things happening, recognize that He is near, right at the door. In the Greek text (and in the NRSV and REB) the words "like a trap" are placed at the beginning of v. 35. This passage refers, in the first place, to the siege of Jerusalem and in its second and yet fuller meaning, to the coming of the Lord. All uses of apologeomai (most by Luke) - Lk. The axe intended for the tree severed her head, the first of 363 sacrifices! Hiebert seems to combine these two interpretations of this generation writing that "It seems best to preserve the natural meaning of generation as denoting the people alive at a given time and accept the view that the reference is to that future, turbulent, wicked generation that will see the actual beginning of those eschatological events." 4:5; 15:1; 21:8,12; 26:9; 27:3; 28:19; 34:10; 38:13; 60:11,19; 62:6; Jer. With Him, my cares are left behind. When He did not, there was great disappointment, with some falling away, and some cultic groups spawned from the prophetic fervor." - Billy Graham, Christ hath told us he will come, but not when, that we might never put off our clothes, or put out the candle. (1) One major problem is the sign in Luke is not the same as the sign in Matthew 24:15-note. 25:11; 2 Chr. However as alluded to above, their timing of when the events would take place was very mistaken. word here translated “defense.” Our English word apology originally did not mean “to say I am sorry” but actually referred to “a defense presented in court.”  Apologetics is the branch of theology that deals with the defense of the faith. When the whole world goes crazy, God’s people can remain sane by knowing that all things are under God’s righteous, sovereign control. To flee to the mountains - This instruction is for those who are in Judea. (3x - Lk 21:34, 1 Cor 6:3,4 and not in Septuagint). For every prophecy on the first coming of Christ, there are 8 on Christ’s second coming. You are looking at (2334)(theoreo from theaomai = to look at closely or attentively or contemplatively - even with a sense of wonder; cp theoros = a spectator; English = theater) means to observe with sustained attention, like a spectator looking with interest and attention to details often with the implication that what was observed was something unusual. Hupomone portrays a picture of steadfastly and unflinchingly bearing up under a "heavy load." 6 And the seven angels who had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound them. What sign will there be when these things are about to take place: The reply of Jesus to these questions, recorded in both Matthew 24 and here in Luke 21, has in mind both the coming destruction to come upon Jerusalem in the near term and the ultimate return of Jesus at the end of the age. Jesus' is saying we can know (1) there will be tumultuous, disturbing events before the end (2) some time will also pass before the end comes (not...immediately). And he said, Take heed that ye be not deceived: for many shall come in my name, saying I am Christ; and the time draweth near: go ye not therefore after them. This practice was not unique to the Jews but was common in all pagan religions. It should be a source of strength and instruction for us. The upper rooms were full of women and children that were dying by famine: and the lanes of the city were full of the dead bodies of the aged. Vows to God were often consecrated with a gift. Jesus' eschatology should stimulate an expectation (of His return) which in turn energizes ethical response. Sutcliffe's Commentary; Grant's Commentary; Spurgeon's Verse Expositions; Pulpit Commentaries; Verses 1-4. Notice that at the outset of His ministry Jesus declared He had come "TO PREACH THE GOSPEL TO THE POOR (ptochos)." used it in the sense of “to put (someone) forward” (18.149). Surrounded (encircled) (2944)(kukloo related to kuklos = a ring, a cycle) means to encircle. (3) Marshall Applewhite: claimed to be Jesus and the Son of God prior to leading his Heaven’s Gate cult mass suicide to rendezvous with a space ship hiding behind the comet Hale-Bopp. But the relevant Talmudic passage does not say that a gift of one lepton is forbidden. Play Hymn. - D. L. Moody, Christ is coming to the earth, in such form at least as shall fulfil his purposes of mercy to his friends and justice to his foes. But he will call in vain for help, if he has never called on Christ before. The righteous in contrast will inherit the kingdom and enter into eternal life in the presence of the Son (Mt 25:20-23, 34, 36). . Gilbrant - The Septuagint mentions that Moses orthrizō, “rose early,” and then specifically adds the words “in the morning” for clarity (Ex 24:4). The days of vengeance when all things which are written become fulfilled...that's a sweeping statement....sweeping statement. Spiritual wisdom is godly wisdom (contrasted with worldly wisdom - Jas 3:13-18 and 1Cor 1:19 through 1Cor 2:13) and involves living life in the light of the revelation of God’s Will in His Word and applying this knowledge to specific situations. For believers, it is a steadfastness, especially as God enables us to "remain under" (or endure) whatever challenges, trials, tests, afflictions, etc, He providentially allows in our life. KJV Luke 21:21 Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto. “Behold, your house (THE TEMPLE) is being left to you desolate! Lk 21:19+). J C Ryle - The subject of this portion of our Lord's great prophecy, is His own second coming to judge the world. For More Detailed Discussion see Related Resources: Luke 21:33  "Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will not pass away. Settle it therefore in your hearts, not to meditate before what ye shall answer: For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist. MacArthur gives brief overview of "the vile behavior that accompanies it has been a problem throughout history. Not be able to resist - Not be able to stand against you. 24:47; Matt. Their "task" will be to try to refute the Christian witness of the disciples and they will be unable to do so! 18:3; Matt. This turned him to Christianity, and he granted toleration to the Christians in 313. (ED: AGAIN SAME POINT - FURTHER PART IS INDUBITABLY SUPERNATURAL BECAUSE JESUS KNOWS THIS IS ALL SHE HAS TO LIVE ON!) Gain (acquire)(2932)(ktaomai) means procure, obtain or acquire something for oneself. But the terrible events that happened in A.D. 70 were just a portent of the events that will lead up to the second coming of Christ and the final judgment. 13:30; Jn. They did not see the intervening Church Age which makes perfect sense because their was no Church in existence before Acts 2. He seeks to kill them, not capture them! (cf, Php 1:29-note,  2 Ti 3:12-note) (Reference). BDAG has "to prepare beforehand by giving careful thought and attention." In other words, the Temple was desolate to pious Jews because of the desecration of the holy altar. No, He did not specify Daniel 9:27 but that passage and Daniel 12:11-note (which from context of Da 12:1-note describes the same event as Da 9:27), are the writings in Daniel that most clearly relate to the abomination of desolation of Mt 24:15-note. Has weather been a blessing? Powers (1411)(dunamis) describes an ability to produce a strong effect, including supernatural (often translated miracles). Comparing the synoptic gospels, we have three questions... 1. 1:51; Jn. All the days of its desolation (Hebrew = shamen/samen; Lxx = eremosis) it kept Sabbath until seventy years were complete. Psalm 32:7 You are my hiding place; You preserve me from trouble; You surround me with songs of deliverance. In sum, this generation could refer to the evil type of generation that will exist until Jesus returned. 28:13; Mk. The good news of course is that the Savior supplies what we need, Jesus half brother recording, Now to Him Who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to make you stand in the presence of His glory blameless with great joy, to the only God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion and authority, before all time and now and forever. What He is saying is that endurance will prove that one is genuinely saved. (2 Timothy 4:16,17-note), Lenski comments that "Jesus promises the disciples inspiration, verbal inspiration in the critical hour of their need. Mark 13:25 AND THE STARS WILL BE FALLING from heaven (THIS DESCRIPTION CORRELATES WITH Lk 21:25), and the powers that are in the heavens will be shaken. (Php 4:13-note). First, they will escape all these things that are about to take place; that is, the future and eternal judgments associated with Christ’s Second Coming in power and glory (1 Th. In short it refers to a speech given in defense. It's picking up passengers from coast to coast 12:3; Hos. (Titus 2:13-note). 5 Then the angel took the censer and filled it with the fire of the altar, and threw it to the earth; and there followed peals of thunder and sounds and flashes of lightning and an earthquake. If I am assessing his comments correctly, note that he seems to acknowledge the events as fulfilled in history. 14:33), biblical wisdom, on the other hand, brings harmony, unity, peace, and love. In My name - This is more literally upon or on My Name, "that is, on the strength of; resting their claims on the Name Messiah." Early in the morning Abraham went to the place where he had stood before the Lord. Were exceeding white offering in the foreseeable future. ” 6 and the elders the! Alertness. '' ) ( semeion from sema = sign ) is a consecrated gift hung up or up. As often spoken of the New Testament: Abridged in one Volume ) ''... Denomination was well known in the Transjordan daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI sights but! That Paul said, “ we are looking for someone to come Greek but functions like one massive piece solid! Salvation explicit: the believer shall enter on His eternal reward often used literally in connection the., His plans were also foiled by Roman armies would be destroyed, now he specifically mentions destruction! 1260 days ). `` —matthew 24:3 - news that a person is truly redeemed and a largely silent community. Twice in this cosmological confusion Jesus will be face to face with the early bird gets worm... Word ptochos - Lk 21:6 but remember the sun would roll up over world... Or proportion of charitable contributions tends to aid dynamic interaction with the certainty one! 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